The Atrocities and the Agonies imposed upon the Nubians and their part Ga-Dangme generation from the then Nubia-Plains (North East Africa), through the sub-Sahara Africa to their settlements at the then West-Africa Gold Coast and territories left spiritual scars on their daily lives, spiritual scars that tell their stories from sun rise to sun down, scars that was witnessed by the Sun, the Moon, the stars, the rain, the thunders, the land, the volcanoes and the seas. Atrocities that can not be spoken of loosely by mouth for it evokes their ancestral spirits, stories that can only be told through their ceremonial festivals when their ancestral spirits are evoked.
The part pre-Egyptian Nations now settled in the present Ghana, their history is a mirror image to all the Survived Nubian Kingdom Nations that now can be found specifically in the Sub-Sahara Africa.
Since Dawn, under the Nubian Empire territories within the now Africa and the then known as Nubian territories : of East Africa, North-East Africa, the Middle-East and South-West Asia (South-West Europe) was the territories where the Nubian Kingdoms were practicing their SACRED Doctrines as a Political System and Spiritual Worshipings. Their natural Integrity-Philosophy is what produced the keys to all nations believes of any religion then and now.
Their overall ideology about (life) living was to honor their ancestors and to prepare for after life living. With that notion, they originated and established a spiritual doctrines. One of their doctrines was the "First Original Testimonial Transcripts Of Sacred Scriptures :- The World Creation And Culture Of The Nubians". Most of the pre-Egyptian Nubians sacred scriptures and practices can be found in a book called "The Book of the Dead" by E. A. WALLIS BUDGE, whose book consisted of collections of the "Asaman" ( Hieroglyphics ) writings, translated to the best of his knowledge into the English language and other languages of the pre-Egyptian Nubian Philosophical Sacred Scriptures. But most of all, the Nubian Sacred Doctrines can be witness from the civic governmental and cultural-spiritual practices of the Ga-Dangmes of the present Ghana, Togo, Benin , Yoruba of Nigeria and the general sub-Sahara environment, etc.
During their new settlements in the sub-Sahara Africa, these Survived Nubian Kingdom Nations stumbled into an internal squabbles within their kingdoms, which resulted in a compound fractured protocols and politically dismantle the legacy infrastructure of their civic-cultural government systems. There was an old wars among themselves since their old territories which was ignited by the European invasions in their new territories, which open doors to Enslavements, Colonization, Religion Imposes, Language Imposes, Names changes and Demoralization.
The history of the Pre-Egyptian Nubians and their Pioneer Divinities : "Nu" with her counter parts "Te", "La" and "Kpa" the father of all the divinities, can not be told completely to its fullest in our life time. Yet they are alive in their generation's blood, flesh, spirit and in their minds. We can only advocate what we have inherited and witnessed about them, through cultural doctrines as a legacy.
Prior to and during 356 to 323 years BCE of the Nubian territories terrorized by the Greek Alexander / Romans, Ottomans and the 11th. to the 13th. centuries invasions, most of the Nubians and their kingdoms fled from the one time Nubian-Empire territories. The fled was not only from the " Christian Crusaders" and "Islamic Mohammedans" war but also due to the North Africa and regions terrorizations by the Greeks, Romans, the Ottomans and most European nations.
The reason of the Christianity Crusaders and the Islamic Mohammedans war, was the campaigning for religious allies for themselves, while they also waged wars on both non-Christians and non-Islamic persons. As both Christian religion and the Islamic religion can trace their religion's roots to the pre-Egyptian Nubians spiritual doctrines, they saw within their ally war campaign's the opportunity to dismantle the ancient Nubian spiritual doctrines by, destructions of Nubian cities, abduction and enslavements, Nubian monuments destruction and new religion introductions at any coast and at any cost, dead or alive. The genocidal and the terroristics blood shed imposed upon the Nubians brought Exodus to destinations unknown to the Nubians. Those who could not escape were either converted to Christianity religion, Islamic religion or killed by any of the two war mongers.
The Nubian's Exodus later resulted in places on route nations to India territories, Americas and islands (before Christopher Columbus), Pacific Ocean's small Islands, Islands along and around Africa's Atlantic Ocean, The Philippines / Indonesia and mainly Sub-Sahara Africa territories. The Crusaders and the Mohammedans followed the Nubians to where ever they went with a new strategies of Enslavement method, which later on changed to Colonization's of the Nubians. The Colonization changed some of the Nubians (Africans) by means of Academics, Religion and to Languages of both the Crusaders and the Mohammedans, also to languages of Arabic, English, German, French, Latin and ................., for better or worse and more or less like nations in prison.
With the experiences they encountered during and after their Exodus, they noticed the broken and fractured leadership among their kingdom nations, while other lost nations also took a refuge to join them, due to the "Kpa" Divinity's possession with the Ga-Dangmes. They had many temporal settlements during the transitions at locations in Chad, IleIfe (IleIfi) - Ibadan of Nigeria, Benin, Togo and now area known as south-east Ghana where the Ewes, the Dangmes and the Gas settled. These areas were where some of their nations relatives settled permanently at, while the rest continued settlements through Ivory-Coast, Sierra Leon and continue to reaching the far western coast of Senegal Gambia coastal shores, and to Mali regions.
As the Ga-Dangme nations gathered as one nation of once many nations individually in small populations, they applied their ancestral legacy by their individual kingdom's ancient names, the names that has been their address where ever they go, the names that unite and links them no matter how far they will be and the names that strengthens them away from weakness. Though we see them in pockets as in a clan forms, they are actually an individual ancient Nations still practicing pre-Egyptian sacred doctrines of over 15,000 - BCE. Their names are what introduces their once kingdoms nations sacred and political protocols.
One of many proofs is their pre-Egypt sacred divinity names like : "La" (Ra) and "Kpa" (Khepera), now historically corrupted to "Khepera" instead of (Kpa) and "Ra" instead of (La), also the divinity "Osa" as Greek (Osiris) instead of ( Mensa, Osa, Osei ), the divinities "Nu" of the Ocean and rivers and her counter part (Nai), "Nai-ye" and the divinity "Te" as ( Tete, Tettey, Atey, Otey ). The Divinity name "La-Kpa" establishment do not belong to the present La-Asafo nation only, historically it is a universal Divinity. "La-Kpa" establishment can be found in Togo and also Yoruba of Nigeria. There are other divinities that attribute to the "La" divinity, they are ; La-Fa, La-Niogbe, La-Ter, La-Shioko, La-Kpleku, La-Shieley. ect. These divinities mentioned within this chapter are all "Obuade" divinities. Obuade philosophically means ; ( Sacred Creation of Human Origin and Civilization ) etc.
Many thousands of their authentic names has NOT changed since pre-Egypt, these are few female divinity names: Efua, Ama-n-Ku, Dze-Wu-La-Si, Hu-Dze, Dede, Asi, Ama, Aba, Bu-Sa-Ki, Tsa-Ade, Adze-ley, Ose-kua, Aku, Obo-shi, Sa-ku, Asi, Kor-de, Ahum-bia, Kor-le-ki. ect.
There were cities in the now Egypt, either Lower-Egypt ( North Egypt ) or Upper Egypt ( South Egypt ) that carried more of these divinity names to their cities. The then city "Anu" or "Nu" later changed to a Greek name - "Heliopolis", then later changed to Hebrew name "On". Many cities used to carry the authentic Nubian Divinity sacred names all over the Nubian control territories, the mainly now known as Egypt until the foreign invasions with by forced name changed of, language and religion conversion. There are many unique evidences of many live witnesses about the histories of the Nubian Kingdom Nations, that now living in the sub-Sahara Africa territories. Few of the evidences are that their generation are still living, the images of their ancient ancestors faces, the minds of their ancestors philosophies and the most of all their ancestors blood in them.
So when one come across an African territories with the descriptions imposed upon them in a foreign language as ; clans and tribes, will be the moment when the question of ; "Ethics" arises before any prejudgments. Those clans, tribes, town and villages carries an ancient kingdoms name. No matter how small they will be, they practice ancient Nubian nations spiritual protocols. However, there are other towns, clans, tribes and villages that DO NOT fall under the ancient Nubian nations protocols. The ancestral names are the key to the ancient Nubian nations ruling protocols
A nation becomes more civilized and succeeds in research works when maintain historical authentic names to towns, villages and clans, as well as to maintain the languages and the human authentic names will be the key to the truth of a lost history. Living example are the La-Asafo, Ga-Mashie Asafo, Nungua-Asafo, Tema-Asafo, Teshie-Asafo, Ada-Asafo, Osu-Asafo and the Dangme-Asafo towns and all the authentic regional none-foreign names of Ghana, if you notice, they are all carrying the pre-Egypt Divinity name of "Osa" (Osiris) as "Asafo" and the ancient sacred protocols. These given example are now known as town or cities, yet they carries pre-Egyptian Nubian kingdom Nation names and have harbored other old nations under them with a shadow description title as "Clan".
During the Christians Crusaders and the Islamic Mohammedans waged wars on the Nubian Kingdom nations and on each other, few Nubian individual Kings, Queens, Princesses and Prince escaped by themselves to a refuge were later on united with their nations while some of them were never found. The elapse of years in transition dropped the size of some of their nations population significantly to 5-persons a nation, 10-persons as a nation and 20-persons as a nation, more or less due to the scattering of them. A headless nation is recognized as a genuine nation when a lost king or queen returned to their throne. A wondering lost king or a queen confirms the true philosophy of a nations as "ONE HUMAN BEING IS A NATION BY ITSELF", irrelevant of population of either 3-persons, 5-prsons, 20-persons or more. They lost a lot of people and also in a material form during the dispersing times, but maintained their duties and philosophies as nations and kingdom rulers, they did not lose the legacy of being a King, Queen, Prince, Princess and an Oracle.
BELOW ARE FEW PRE-EGYPT NUBIAN DIVINITY NAMES AND THEIR CITIES
"ANU" (NU) ; The original pre-Egypt sacred Nubian named city, later changed name to "Heliopolis", a Greek word meaning (Sun-City). The city of ANU was the central city of all the Divinities, the mother city of all their sub-cities, the sacred home of the Divinities; "Kpa" the prime "Sun" divinity and the father of all the divinities. The Divinity "Kpa" name was corrupted to Greek phonetic spelling as "Khepera".
"KPA" (KHEPERA) HUMAN STATUE FIGURE THE FATHER OF ALL THE PRE-EGYPT DIVINITIES
"La" also a Sun divinity and the counter part divinity of "Kpa" (Khepera), "La" was also corrupted to the name (Ra) by either Greek. Latin or Arabic phonetic. The divinity "La" sacred home was also the city of ANU.
"TE" the first born Divinity of "Kpa", his name was also corrupted to (TEM), a Greek phonetic word. His domain home city was ANU, later changed to (Heliopolis).
"Osa" the later inherited Divinity God of "Kpa", Osa attributes to "Kpa", Osa was the judge of Right and Wrong, Osa was the twin brother and the husband of the divinity "Asi" = (Asa-Si-Afia / Asa-Si-Yaa), of the ( Greek corrupted spelling phonetic as "Isis" ). Osa and Isis was the parent of the divinity "Adze"/ "Dze"/ "Adzei" / "Adza", (to the Greek as HORUS, Latin as HERU). Osa name was corrupted to a Greek phonetic word as (Osiris). Osa domain home city was also the city of ANU, (the Greek Heliopolis), Osa later soul name became "MENSA". Osa is the Osei in the Tswi language of Ghana. Osa was the maker of Asa-fo, Asa-fo-atse and Oso-fo. The Divinities Osa, Te, La, Dze and Nu, ect. attributes to the Divinity "Kpa", the father of all the divinities since pre-Egypt.
ASASI-AFIA ( ASASI-YAA). (foreign name as Isis in Greek)
"Nmatii" an ancient divinity in control of the 42-laws of Innocent confessions to approx. 66-laws in all of Innocent confessions. She is one of the grand generation daughters of the divinity "Kpa" since pre-Egyptian regime. Nmatii name was corrupted to a Greek name (Maati). Nmatii home city then in pre-Egypt accommodated the divinity "Ania-Fu". Nmatii law legacy continues with her ancestor divinities "La" "Osa" "Nu" and "Kpa" at the La-Asafo Nmatii of Ghana. Nmatii city is now under a shadow name called Clan.
Other Nubian city names ; "Ati" was changed to ( Busiris). City of Ati was the home of the divinity "Tutu" pre-Egypt.
The divinity "Fenti" (Fanti) was accommodated in ANU ( Heliopolis ) Egypt. Fenti (Fante) divinity survived with the Fantes of Ghana.
King "Khent" of Greek phonetic, correctly as ( King Akenten) of the Tswi speaking nations of Ghana. The Akenten's city in Egypt then was Abydos, a foreign name.
"Osekele" divinity, symbol was the Hawk, also named after his city located at south-Memphis Egypt. the Divinity Osekele also attributes to "Kpa".
The divinity "Tepe", Tekpe corrupted to Tep, his domain city was Buto Egypt.
The divinity "Tetu-te", corrupted to (Tetu-t) domain city was lower Egypt.
In the Ga-Dangme Kwa language, the name of a nation is describe as "Mann", they applied the name to a Country or a Nation any where in the word. They called "La-Asafo" as "Mann" as well as Tema, Ga-Mashie, Nungua, Ada, ect. as "Mann". The description "Mann" that they gave to these area was what they were once known of by their pre-Egypt titles. The origin of the name "Mann" as a description to a settlement location of the Pre-Egyptians then and now was derived from the Pre-Egyptian (Wulomo) Pharaoh "Amon's" name, phonetically / connotation of ; Amen-hotep I, Amen-hotep II, Amen-hotep III and Amen-hotep IV, by their relatives and followers to honor their legacy regime locations on this Earth's nations, cities, towns and ( Continents = "Dza-Ku-Mann" ) as "Mann". "Mann" is also known in one the "Kwa" Nubian language of Akan as "a-Mann-fuo", connotation of Amon / Amon-fuo = Citizens of Amon. Ghana has boarded Ancient kingdom Nations in regional form who are older than 1957 and older than the name Egypt.
To the generations of the Nubians ; For example : Germany is a "Mann" as a Nation, USA is a "Mann" as a Nation, UK is a "Mann" as a Nation, so does : Russia, Cuba, Canada, Brazil ect also as "Mann" to the Ga-Dangmes. The Ga-Dangme sub-Nations see themselves as Nations irrelevant of their population or their geographical sizes. So does the rest of the ancient African now cities or towns who carries the Pre-Egypt Nubian names.
Under the Sacred Divinities "Tettey", "La", and "Kpa" as "Tettey-La-Kpa", now located in the present Ghana, under the La-Asafo Nation and also as a sub-Nation (Mann) of the Ga-Dangmes Nation, La-Asafo was honored with the name description "Mann" ( Nation ) which she earned since pre-Egypt.
"ONE HUMAN BEING IS A NATION BY ITSELF". NII NAI-TETE.
There are thousands of pre-Egypt Nubian Kingdom Nations who migrated to new locations away from the north-east Africa (north-east Nubian) area to places like Southern Africa territories : The Lesotho-Kingdom, occupied area of 11,716 sq miles. Lesotho did not lower her nation from being a Kingdom to a tribe or a town.
SCENERIES - COMING SOON.
Asante Kingdom, a pre-Egypt Nation who attribute to and under the Divinities Osa, (Osiris), La (Ra), Te, and Kpa (Khepera) domain. Asante's pre-Egypt domain location was ANU (Greek name Heliopolis, then in Egypt), the domain home nation of the divinity "Kpa" (Khepera) the father of all the pre-Egypt Divinities. The Asante Kingdom uses the Tswi-phonetic word-name "Osei" and the Ga-Dangmes uses "Osa" (which the Greek corrupted to "Osiris"). The Asantes maintain their Nation's kingdom name title as a Kingdom nation, not to a tribe or to a Town. Uniquely patriotic.
DIVINITY OSA / OSEI / MENSA. ( OSIRIS in Greek )
Due to the ancient pre-Egypt Nubian's "Kpa" sacred doctrine attributions, both the Ga-Dangme Nations and the Asante Nations honors the ancestor Divinity Amen/Amon and Osa/Osei as "A-men-Sa" (MENSA) whom the Greek called Pharaoh Amon-Hotep/Amen-Hotep, meaning Amen the Peace, while the Christian religion uses the Nubian Divinity's name Amen to confirm their prayers. The Ga-Dangme Nations and the Asante Nations attributes to the pre-Egypt Divinity "Osa"/"Osei" as " Asafo, Osofo and Asafoatse.
ASHANTI ( ASANTE) KING OTUMFUO OPOKU WARE-II, OF A KINGDOM NATION.
THE AKROPONGS - MANPONG LINK
( I am their eyes, their ears, their mouth. When they see, I see. when they hear, I hear. when they speak, I advocate. NII NAI-TETE.)